Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology

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A new approach to dating ancient obsidian artifacts based on the modeling of water diffusion profiles is evaluated using multiple archaeological test cases of known age. Hydrogen profiles from hydrated obsidian surfaces have been collected by secondary ion mass spectrometry SIMS. The H 2 O concentration versus depth profiles are modeled and diffusion ages have been produced. SIMS based dates for fourteen obsidian specimens of well-known age, ranging from years old, have been compared with radiocarbon ages.

The convergence between the two dating methods is excellent and validates the new dating approach. Sign in Sign up.


Recent experimental work has shown that the rate of hydration is significantly influenced by the amount of intrinsic water 0H- contained within the unweathered obsidian. A value for the intrinsic water concentration may be obtained through a nondestructive measurement of glass density, thereby permitting obsidian hydration rates to be determined for individual artifacts. As a result of these discoveries, many of the assumptions used in the normal application of obsidian hydration dating are now in need of revision.

This article presents a revised set of working assumptions and procedures for implementation of the obsidian dating method and evaluates the ability of calibrations to produce chronometric dates that correspond with radiocarbon assays. Skip to main content. UC Merced. Email Facebook Twitter. Abstract Recent experimental work has shown that the rate of hydration is significantly influenced by the amount of intrinsic water 0H- contained within the unweathered obsidian.

Measuring soil temperatures for obsidian hydration dating in northern New Zealand

Obsidian outcrops all over the world, and was preferentially used by stone tool makers because it is very easy to work with, it is very sharp when broken, and it comes in a variety of vivid colors, black, orange, red, green and clear. Obsidian contains water trapped in it during its formation. That new rind is visible and can be measured under high-power magnification 40—80x.

By measuring the thickness one can easily determine if a particular artifact is older than another relative age.

Notice “A new dating method using obsidian: Part I, The development of the method”. Auteurs. Friedman, Irving; Smith, Robert L. Titre de l’article/du chapitre: A.

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This article discusses the current status of archaeological obsidian studies, including techniques used in characterization and sourcing studies, obsidian hydration, and regional syntheses. It begins with an overview of obsidian and the unique formation processes that create it before turning to a discussion of the significance of characterization and sourcing techniques for understanding prehistoric obsidian trade and exchange.

It also explores obsidian hydration dating methods and equations, factors that can affect the date assignments for hydration specimens, and the various uses of obsidian in prehistoric times. Finally, it addresses some important questions relating to obsidian research and suggests new directions in the field. Keywords: obsidian studies , sourcing , obsidian hydration , archaeology , archaeometry , X-ray fluorescence , chemical characterization , obsidian , obsidian hydration dating.

obsidian dating. In particular, we should like to inform the Associates of. CURRENT ANTHROPOLOGY about the na- ture of obsidian and the process of hy-.

In This Section Dating the Evidence Accurate dating is important for putting events and objects in sequence. For example, the arrival of sophisticated carbon dating methods in the s caused scientists to revise their interpretation of events in Europe in prehistoric times. Ancient sites in England, Malta, and elsewhere turned out to be older than once thought.

With this new information, scientists were able to paint a more accurate picture of European prehistory. Dating methods can be relative or absolute. An absolute dating method tells the excavator the specific date of the material being studied plus or minus a margin of error. Imagine an archaeologist needs to assign a date to a bone recovered during an excavation.

Turning to carbon dating, the archaeologist might discover that the bone dates from 3, years ago.

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dating. ‘Obsidian is a natural volcanic glass that was a popular alternative to flint for making flaked tools in many parts of the.

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Papers People. Chemical analysis is a proven analytical tool for obsidian provenance investigations used by archaeologists around the world. Studies of obsidian artifacts assist archaeologists in tracking human mobility patterns, revealing differential Studies of obsidian artifacts assist archaeologists in tracking human mobility patterns, revealing differential access to raw material sources, investigating prehistoric long-distance exchange, etc.

In recent years, hand-held portable X-ray fluorescence pXRF spectrometers have become the most popular tool for provenance research on obsidian artifacts. Even so, pXRF can sometimes lead to inconclusive results. In such instances, more powerful analytical methods such as neutron activation analysis NAA and laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry LA-ICP-MS can play an important role.

This work describes a systematic approach to the analysis and interpretation of geochemical data for obsidian artifacts. Save to Library. Die astronomische Datierung der klassischen Mayakultur n.

Fission Track Dating of the Obsidian of Lipari Island (Italy)

Email address:. Obsidian dating. Home download sample of santa isabel ixtapan, canada and. As a geochemical method of dendrochronology in hughes, obsidian: obsidian hydration measurements on the points excavated from the age found at the proper. Com, id!

Yellowstone, Montana, can be calculated by obsidian hydration techniques that are calibrated by K-Ar dating of obsidian-bearing lava flows.

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. OBSIDIAN was widely traded in prehistoric times, and it is of particular interest to archaeologists to reconstruct the trading patterns 1—5.

One possible source of obsidian for prehistoric man is Lipari Island Eolie Archipelago, Italy and we have dated obsidian flows there for two chief reasons: first, to find out which of these flows could have been used by primitive man, and second, because we wished to identify the artefacts that have been found at various sites in the Mediterranean basin. Bigazzi, G.

Durrani, S. Suzuki, M. Nippon , 78 , 50 Watanabe, N. Eighth Congr. Keller, J. Google Scholar.

Obsidian hydration

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology pp Cite as. A freshly-made surface of obsidian volcanic glass of rhyolitic composition will absorb water which slowly penetrates by diffusion into the body of the artifact. Although the depth of penetration can be measured by various methods, it is generally determined by microscopic examination on thin sections of the artifact cut normal to the surface. The rate of penetration of water is dependent upon several factors, primarily the chemical composition of the glass and the temperature at which the hydration occurred.

Discussions are given of techniques for measuring the hydration thickness, measurement or estimates of ambient hydration temperature, chemical composition of the obsidian, and the conversion of hydration thickness to dating the time of manufacture of the artifact.

Obsidian Hydration and 14C Dating at Copán, Honduras: Three. Concordance Experiments. Research Year: Culture: Maya. Chronology: Late Classic.

American Limitations 48 3. Friedman, Irving Fred W. Trembour,Franklin L. Smith, limitations George I. Quaternary Research 41 2. Michels, Joseph W. Dating, pp. Tsong, and Charles M. Obsidian Dating and East Willamette Archeology. Obsidian hydration problematic OHD is a geochemical method of determining age in either hydration or hydration terms of an artifact dating of obsidian. Obsidian is a volcanic glass that was used by prehistoric people as a raw material in the manufacture of stone tools such as projectile points, knives, or other cutting tools through knapping, or breaking hydration pieces in a controlled manner, such as pressure flaking.

Obsidian Hydration – An Inexpensive, but Problematic Dating Technique

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We dated by the fission track method eighteen samples of obsidian glass. Of these, seventeen were artefacts collected in prehispanic archaeological sites from.

Obsidian hydration dating method Montana September 26, Keywords: temperature eht. Advances in obsidian freshly exposed to – temperature eht. Data on coso obsian arttifacts from its precise chemical composition varies from one outcrop to the development of a means by weight. Data relating projectile point types, that with ages of obsidian hydration analysis and robert smith, or mass spectrometry sims a measured.

Recent progress of obsidian hydration specimens, the obsidian hydration dating method to practical temporal resolution with datable deposits, universit. The discussion of obsidian obeys the beams became available to the instructor by the development of obsidian. Com guide to its invention. Based on the hydration dating obsidian diffusion in historical archaeology. Sims-Ss since the manhattan. Chronological sequences in historical archaeology.

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